# Filtered Handler

The FilteredRequestHandler is a special handler that applies a series of filters before handling a request, and possibly after a request was handled. This is how we can add middleware-style logic to Handy-Httpd.

Requests to the FilteredRequestHandler are handled like so:

  1. Pre-request filters.
  2. Call the underlying request handler.
  3. Post-request filters.

Let's take a look at the following example, which shows what might be a typical use case for filtered request handling.

HttpRequestHandler myHandler = ...;
auto filteredHandler = new FilteredRequestHandler(
    // Pre-request filters:
    [new AuthFilter(), new SecurityFilter(), new SpamFilter()],
    // Post-request filters:
    [new AnalyticsFilter(), new ErrorLogFilter()]

When a new HTTP request comes in, our filteredHandler will first call the AuthFilter, then the SecurityFilter, and finally the SpamFilter. If any of these filters fails, then the request handling is over. If all the pre-request filters succeed, then our underlying handler will take care of the request, and we'll move on to the post-request filters. Again, if any filter fails, the handling stops there.

This sort of behavior is governed by the design of the FilterChain. The next section provides a detailed overview of how it works. In fact, the FilteredRequestHandler is nothing more than a filter chain itself!

# The Filter Chain

We use a FilterChain to organize the list of filters that'll be applied to incoming requests. A FilterChain is just a singly-linked list, with each node containing an HttpRequestFilter to apply to a request context.

The FilterChain.build static function can be used to create a FilterChain from a list of filters. Suppose we'd like to create a filter chain that bans certain remote addresses, and then adds a secret header:

class AddrFilter : HttpRequestFilter {
    void apply(ref HttpRequestContext ctx, FilterChain filterChain) {
        if (isValid(ctx.request.remoteAddress)) {
        } else {

class CustomHeaderFilter : HttpRequestFilter {
    void apply(ref HttpRequestContext ctx, FilterChain filterChain) {
        ctx.response.addHeader("SECRET", "Value");

// Build a custom filter chain:
FilterChain fc = FilterChain.build([
    new AddrFilter(),
    new CustomHeaderFilter()
// Apply it to a request: